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    英語反身代詞用法的小口訣

    2020-12-12 11:58:57文/葉丹

    反身代詞表自身,句中可作兩成分;表示強調同位語,賓語動作回自身。反身代詞有兩種功能,一是表示強調,用作同位語;二是表示反身功能,在句中作賓語和表語。

    英語反身代詞用法的小口訣

    反身代詞語法口訣

    一、二形代第三賓,加上-self變反身。

    復數形式怎么辦?相應復數-selves跟。

    句中賓、表與同位,不作主、定要記清。

    反身代詞所有格,形代連own才分明。

    反身代詞用法詳解

    一、反身代詞的基本形式

    反身代詞是 oneself根據所指詞的人稱、性別、單復數等的變化可以有 myself, himself, herself, yourself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves 等形式。

    二、oneself與himself

    當one指人時,其相應的反身代詞通常用oneself, 在美國英語中也可用himself:

    One should not praise oneself [himself]. 一個人不應該自吹自擂。

    三、反身代詞的句法功能:

    1.用作同位語(加強被修飾詞的語氣,僅放在被修飾名詞后, 或句末):

    The box itself is not so heavy. 箱子本身并不重。

    Mrs.Black herself is a lawyer. 布萊克太太本人就是一名律師。

    You had better ask the driver himself. 你最好問司機本人。

    Martin himself attended the sick man. 馬丁親自照顧病人。

    Don’t trouble to come over yourself. 你不必費神親自來了。

    You yourself said so. / You said so yourself. 你自己是這樣說的。

    Never leave to others what you ought to do yourself. 不要把自己該做的事留給別人做。

    2.用作賓語(動詞或介詞的賓語):

    Take good care of yourself. 好好照顧你自己。

    He has a right to decide for himself. 他有權為自己做出決定。

    He made no complaint for himself. 他沒為自己抱怨什么。

    The child can dress himself. 這孩子能自己穿衣服了。

    She finally gained control of herself. 最后她控制住了自己。

    She could not make herself understood. 她不能使別人聽懂她的話。

    Everybody here has the influenza including myself. 包括我在內所有人都患上流感。

    The child cried himself to sleep. 孩子哭著哭著睡著了。

    She convinced herself that it was so. 她說服自己情況是這樣的。

    He had a couple of revolvers with which to defend himself. 他只有一兩把手槍用來自衛。

    3.用作表語

    The poor boy was myself. 那個可憐的孩子就是我自己。

    Just be yourself. 做你自己就好了。

    Mary hasn't quite been herself recently. 瑪麗近來感到不適。

    The ones who really want it are ourselves. 真正想要它的是我們自己。

    【說明】有時用于 be, feel, seem, look 等后作表語表示身體或精神處于正常狀態:

    I’m not quite myself these days. 我近來身體不大舒服。

    I’ll be myself again in no time. 我過一會兒就會好。

    4.用作主語。在現代英語中,一般不能獨立用作主語,但是它卻可以借助 and, or, nor 等連詞與其他名詞一起構成并列主語(且位于并列主語的后部),以及用于某些特殊結構(如as...as等):

    My brother and myself went there yesterday. 昨天我兄弟和我一起去了那兒。

    Jim’s sister and himself get up at six every day. 吉姆的妹妹和他每天6點起床。

    He was as anxious as myself. 他和我一樣擔心。

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